International migrants day: ETUC calls for a human rights approach to EU policy
On the occasion of international migrants day, the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) is calling on the European Commission and member states to change their selective and circular migration policy towards one based on human rights, equal treatment and the full integration of third country nationals.
The ETUC pledges to continue fighting for migrant workers’ rights, and for both stable and temporary migration to increase the trade union membership of migrants and their participation in trade union life and decision-making. We will also work to improve co-ordination between trade union services for migrant workers, and to foster relations with trade unions from origin countries.
Migrant workers continue to face uncertainty in the labour market, with evidence of wage discrimination, social dumping, and less access to jobs. Some employers are also taking advantage of the economic crisis with cases of abuse and exploitation (especially in the agriculture and construction sectors).
In addition, public service cuts in fields such as health and education as well as in those services specifically aimed at migrants (like integration facilities, assistance and visa/permit delivery) are having a negative effect on the migrant population.
The EU’s Europe 2020 strategy considered migration to be a tool to counter workforce decline as well as specific and temporary labour market shortages. Within this framework, efforts have been directed to attract high-skilled third country nationals. While recognising the role this sector of the migrant population can play within a wider migration strategy, the ETUC is urging EU policy makers to address migrants as human beings regardless of their level of qualification.
Low-skilled workers make up the majority of the migrant population in Europe, and their situation should be addressed as a top priority.
And the EU’s repressive policy towards irregular migration is jeopardising fundamental rights which are at the core of the European Union. The rise of racism, as well as populist and xenophobic political parties, are putting at risk the most basic and universal human rights of migrant people and the future of social Europe. Going beyond the mere border control performed under FRONTEX, welcoming structures must be established by the EU to establish a more effective resettlement of migrants in compliance with the respect of fundamental rights as enshrined in EU law.
On 12 December, ETUC held the first European Conference of Trade Union Services for migrants. The conference was attended by 165 representatives of 45 trade union confederations and civil society organisations from 19 EU countries, including TUC President Mohammed Taj. The event was chaired by ETUC Confederal Secretary, Luca Visentini, and was attended by high level representatives from the European Commission, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and European employers’ organisations, among other institutions. This conference saw the launch of a transnational network to improve the accessibility to integration facilities for third country nationals.
Now, on International Migrants Day, the ETUC calls on the European Commission and national governments to:
- implement a rights-based and equality-oriented approach to migration at political and legislative level;
- fight against social dumping, wage competition and all forms of discrimination condemning non-national workers to poor working and living conditions;
- promote an effective integration policy based on well-funded and accessible public services;
- implement a programme aimed at creating welcoming structures under the EU umbrella in areas exposed to disproportionate inflows in compliance with the Dublin II Regulation and in respect of fundamental rights as enshrined in EU law;
- respect the autonomy of social partners both in collective bargaining and in social dialogue. These instruments are at the core of modern democracy and have proven to improve the diversity management at company level as well as in the society as a whole;
- invest in a strong long-term recovery plan for Europe supported by a solid financial sector serving the real economy. This recovery plan should be sustainable in terms of ecological challenges, creating quality jobs and giving access to welfare for all – we call it a ‘New Path for Europe’; and
- improve the EU’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) to contribute to sustainable and equitable growth in third countries.